“Case Studies” Practiced by Dr. Kshitij Dubey

Following are some images collected by Dr. Dubey during challenging operations to educate and illustrate the complicated nature of surgeries.


In an open heart bypass procedure, surgeons need to cut the chest open to access to the heart. This creates a large scar and requires a lengthy recovery period.

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An atrial septal defect (ASD) is a congenital heart defect where there is a hole in the atrial septum, the wall which separates the right and left atria.

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MiniAVR stands for minimally invasive aortic valve replacement with minimal incision and minimal trauma.

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Heart bypass surgery creates a new route, called a bypass, for blood and oxygen to reach your heart.

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COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; DVR Double valve replacement;

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A ventricular septal defect is an opening in the ventricular septum, or dividing wall between the two lower chambers of the heart known as the right and left ventricles.

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